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May 10, 2021 Armen Petrosyan
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"Armenian Traditional Black Youths: the Earliest Sources," by Armen Petrosyan, from Journal of Indo-European Studies, Vol. 39, 2011, Number 3 & 4, pp. 342-354, in 13 searchable pdf pages. "In this article it is argued that the traditional figure of the “black youth” in Armenian folklore is derived from the members of the war-band of the thunder god, mythological counterparts of the archaic war-bands of youths. The blackness of the youths is associated with igneous...
Topics: Folklore, Mythology, Myths, Armenia, Armenian, Caucasus, Caucasian, Indo-European, Alans, Ossetes....
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May 9, 2021 Cyril Toumanoff
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"More on the Mamikonids and the Liparitids," by Cyril Toumanoff, from Armenian Studies in Memoriam Haig Berberian (Lisbon, 1986), Dickran Kouymjian, editor, pp. 859-860. This fascinating discussion about the banners and other heraldry of the Mamikonean/Liparitean families in Armenia, is an addendum to an earlier study of their history and genealogy. Scanned by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the author .
Topics: History, Historical, Armenia, Armenian, Medieval, Heraldry, Banners, Flags, Nobility
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May 9, 2021 Nevard A. Parnassian
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"On the Formation of Ashkharhabar," by Nevard A. Parnassian, from Annual of Armenian Linguistics 6(1985), pp. 67-73, in 7 searchable pdf pages. "In this paper the examination of the process of formation and development of New literary Armenian is based on the periodization suggested by Acad. G. Djahukian. According to this periodization, the historical development of New literary Armenian falls into three periods: 1) Early Ashkharhabar (from the early 17th to the middle of the...
Topics: Language, Armenian, Armenia, History, Development, Vernacular, Grabar, Classical Armenian,...
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May 9, 2021 Frederik Kortlandt
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"Armenian artawsr 'tear'," by Frederik Kortlandt, from Annual of Armenian Linguistics 6(1985), pp. 59-61, in 3 searchable pdf pages. Kortlandt proposes an etymology for the Armenian word արտաւսր. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works relating to Armenian linguistics .
Topics: Linguistics, Language, Etymologies, Armenian, Armenia, Indo-European, Greek, Hittite, Vedic,...
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May 8, 2021 Kevork B. Bardakjian
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A Reference Guide to Modern Armenian Literature 1500-1920, compiled with an Introductory History by Kevork B. Bardakjian (Detroit, 2000), in 706 bookmarked and searchable pages. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Scanned by Robert Bedrosian. Also available at Internet Archive: a selection of other Armenian bibliographies , and a group of Armenian Resource Guides with topical bibliographies. Contents: Part 1: A General History of Armenian Literature, 1500-1990 The...
Topics: Bibliographies, Literature, Modern, Armenia, Armenian, Biographies, Anthologies, Minstrels,...
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May 8, 2021 William Watson
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"Iran and China," by William Watson, in 32 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains chapter 13 from Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 3(1) (Cambridge, 1983), pp. 537-558, and the chapter's bibliography. The chapter covers earliest times through about the 8th century A.D. Attached to the document are the chapter's map and links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Central Asia, Bactria, Sogdia, Turfan, China,...
"La destruction de l'Eglisé de la Résurrection par le calife Hakim et l'histoire de la descente du feu sacré," by Marius Canard, from Byzantion, 35 (1965), pp. 16-43. Wikipedia has entries on Fatimid caliph Hakim (985-1021), his destruction of the Church of the Resurrection, and about the Holy Fire at the Church of the Sepulcher in Jerusalem. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the author .
Topics: History, Historical, Jerusalem, Superstitions, Beliefs, Folklore, Fire, Fatimids, Egypt, Magic
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May 8, 2021 John A. C. Greppin
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"Some Further Comments on Armenian Bird Names," by John A. C. Greppin, from Annual of Armenian Linguistics 6(1985), pp. 45-50, in 6 searchable pdf pages. Greppin comments on 1. դուռէճ/dur'e'ch ‘francolin, Francolinus francolinus.’; 2. կուռապ (գուռաբ)/kur'ap (gur'ab) 'raven'; 3. հաւորս/hawors 'a small bird easily caught in a net.' Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has Greppin's earlier study, Classical and Middle Armenian Bird Names (1978); and...
Topics: Language, Linguistics, Birds, Etymologies, Armenian, Armenia, Indo-European, Greek, Persian, Arabic
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"The Destruction of Cultural Heritage in the Kingdoms of Pontus and Kommagene during the Roman Conquest," by Tomasz Polanski, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 17, No. 3 (2013), pp. 239-252, in 15 searchable pdf pages. A description of the plunder of art objects, including cult statues and jewelry during the Mithridatic Wars of the 1st century B.C., based on Greek and Latin primary sources. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Art, Statues, Jewelry, Plunder, Booty, Looting, Cultural Vandalism, Pontus, Commagene, Armenia,...
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May 7, 2021 A.D.H. Bivar
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"The History of Eastern Iran," by A.D.H. Bivar, in 60 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains chapter 5 from Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 3(1) (Cambridge, 1983), pp. 181-231, which covers the period from the 4th century B.C. through the 5th century A.D. in Central Asia, and includes the Kushan, Indo-Bactrian, and Indo-Scythian empires. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Central Asia, Bactria, Kushans, Scythians,...
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May 7, 2021 Armen Petrosyan
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"Forefather Hayk in the Light of Comparative Mythology," from J ournal of Indo-European Studies Vol. 37, 2009, Number 1 & 2, pp. 155-163, in 9 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: "In this article it is argued that the legendary forefather of the Armenians, Hayk, is an epic figure who combines the traits of several divine archetypes (god creator, father and patriarch of gods, thunder god, war god, dog-slayer, leader of Männerbund). Although he is derived from...
Topics: Folklore, Mythology, Myths, Armenia, Armenian, Asia Minor, Caucasus, Mesopotamia, Motifs,...
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May 6, 2021 Duncan Forbes, translator
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The Adventures of Hatim Tai, translated from Persian by Duncan Forbes (London, 1880; reprint of 1824 edition), in 224 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Hatim lived in the second half of the 6th century. A Wikipedia entry describes what is known about the historical figure, a prince of Yemen, so generous that his name became synonymous with generosity. The epic tales that grew up around him are filled with supernatural demons, devs, and jinns, not to mention bad humans. However, none of them...
Topics: Tales, Folklore, Epics, Literature, Middle East, Near East, Mythology, Myths, Motifs, Demons, Devs,...
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May 6, 2021 W. Barthold; C. E. Bosworth
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"Khurāsān," by W. Barthold, from An Historical Geography of Iran (Princeton, 1984), in 69 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. This is an English translation made by Svat Soucek from Barthold's original Russian (1971), edited with updated notes and bibliography by C. E. Bosworth. The download contains Chapter 5, "Khurāsān," pp. 87-111, together with the editor's introductory remarks, maps, and bibliography. Attached to the document are links to additional resources....
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Iran, Iranian, Persia, Persian, Khurasan, Khorasan, Mesopotamia,...
Этническая Композиция Ирана: Oт "Арийского простора" до Азербайджанского мифа [The Ethnic Composition of Iran: From the "Expanse of the Aryans" to the Myth of Azerbaijan], Yerevan Series for Oriental Studies, vol. 2, edited by Garnik S. Asatrian (Erevan, 2012), in 132 pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Caucasus, Azerbaijan, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Aryans, Geography,...
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May 5, 2021 Ruslan Seferbekov
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"The House-Spirit (Domovoj) in Dagestan," by Ruslan Seferbekov, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 19, No. 2 (2015), pp. 139-144, in 7 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: "The article is devoted to the description of the house-spirit, Domovoj, a mythological figure in the folk beliefs of the Dagestan peoples. The full nomenclature and functions of the aforementioned entity are given with a detailed indication of its geographical distribution and peculiarities depending on...
Topics: Mythology, Myths, Folklore, Dagestani, Dagestani, Caucasus, Caucasian, Demons. Spirits, History,...
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May 5, 2021 Murtazali Gadjiev
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"Construction Activities of Kavād I in Caucasian Albania," by Murtazali Gadjiev, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 21, No. 2 (2017), pp. 121-131, in 12 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: "The article, on the basis of written sources and archaeological data, focuses on Sasannian fortification construction activities in the territory of Caucasian Albania during the reign of Shahanshah Kavād I (488-531). This policy was aimed at creating both a hold against the nomads (the...
Topics: History, Historical, Caucasus, Caucasian, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Aghuanian, Aghuans,...
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May 4, 2021 W. Barthold; C. E. Bosworth
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"Luristān and Khūzistān," by W. Barthold, from An Historical Geography of Iran (Princeton, 1984), in 59 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. This is an English translation made by Svat Soucek from Barthold's original Russian (1971), edited with updated notes and bibliography by C. E. Bosworth. The download contains Chapter 11, "Luristān and Khūzistān," pp. 180-194, together with the editor's introductory remarks, maps, and bibliography. Attached to the document are...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Iran, Iranian, Persia, Persian, Luristan, Khuzistan, Lurs,...
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"Origins of Prominent Armenian Princely Families According to Traditional Data," by Armen Petrosyan, from Journal of Armenian Studies (Բանբեր հայագիտության) 1(2017), pp. 5-21, in 17 searchable pdf pages, with Russian and Armenian resumes. Petrosyan explores the noble familes of the Bagratunis (Bagratids), Artsrunis (Artsrunids) and Gnunis, Eruandunis (Ervandids/Orontids), and Slkunis. Internet Archive has collections of studies in English , Russian , and Armenian by...
Topics: Mythology, Myths, Folklore, History, Historical, Nobility, Nobles, Armenia, Armenian, Asia Minor,...
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"The Armenian Manuscripts Illuminated by Mesrop Xizanc'i from the Matenadaran Collection," by Mikael Arakelian, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 7, No. 1/2 (2003), pp. 147-182, in 37 bookmarked pdf pages with numerous monochrome plates. "This article presents a catalogue of the manuscripts from the Matenadaran - Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts repository (Yerevan) written and illuminated by the scribe and miniaturist Mesrop Xizanc'i, an outstanding though not...
Topics: Art, Painting, Armenian, Armenia, Khizan, Illuminated Manuscripts, Miniatures, History, Historical,...
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"Lightning, Sacrifice, and Possession in the Traditional Religions of the Caucasus," by Kevin Tuite, in 36 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. Download contains both parts of this important study which appears in Anthropos, Bd. 99, H. 1. (2004), pp. 143-159; and Bd. 99, H. 2. (2004), pp. 481-497. From the abstract: "In many communities of the West Caucasus, lightning-strike victims were regarded with particular awe, and a dance was performed around their bodies during which the...
Topics: Customs, Caucasus, Beliefs, Superstitions, Lightning, Sacrifice, Possession, Pshavs, Khevsurs,...
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May 3, 2021 W. Barthold; C. E. Bosworth
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"Kurdistān and Mesopotamia," by W. Barthold, from An Historical Geography of Iran (Princeton, 1984), in 56 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. This is an English translation made by Svat Soucek from Barthold's original Russian (1971), edited with updated notes and bibliography by C. E. Bosworth. The download contains Chapter 12, "Kurdistān and Mesopotamia," pp. 195-206, together with the editor's introductory remarks, maps, and bibliography. Attached to the document are...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Iran, Iranian, Persia, Persian, Kurdistan, Kurds, Kurdish,...
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May 3, 2021 Matti Moosa
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"A Tribute to Bishop Mor Gregorius Bulus Behnam (1914-1969)," by Matti Moosa, in 13 searchable pdf pages. A biography and eulogy of Bishop Behnam, the author's personal friend, who made important contributions to Syriac culture in Iraq and in the Assyrian diaspora. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by Moosa , a distinguished historian and Syriac scholar.
Topics: Syriac, Syrian, Assyrian, Asori, Christianity, Church, Syrian Orthodox Church, Clergy, Prelates,...
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May 3, 2021 Armen Petrosyan
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"Haldi and Mithra/Mher," by Armen Petrosyan, from Aramazd: Armenian Journal of Near Eastern Studies 1(2006), pp. 222-238, in 19 searchable pdf pages. Internet Archive has collections of studies in English , Russian , and Armenian by Petrosyan, who is a world-renowned philologist. Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has many additional works of interest to folklorists .
Topics: Folklore, Mythology, Myths, Deities, Gods, Mithra, Mithras, Mitra, Mher, Haldi, Khaldi, Armenian,...
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May 2, 2021 Michel van Esbroeck
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"Salomon de Makenoc', vardapet du VIIIe siècle," by Michel van Esbroeck, from Armeniaca Mélanges d'études arméniennes (Venice, 1969), pp. 33-44, in 13 searchable pdf pages. Van Esbroeck traces references to Soghomon of Makenots'/Makenyats' monastery, an important Armenian cleric of the 8th century, who participated in many church councils and disputes, and sat as head of the Armenian church (kat'oghikos) in 791-792. Scanned by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by...
Topics: History, Historical, Armenia, Armenian, Church, Medieval, Writers, Clergy, Vardapets, Makenots,...
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May 2, 2021 W. Barthold; C. E. Bosworth
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"Bactria, Balkh, and Ṭukhāristān," by W. Barthold, from An Historical Geography of Iran (Princeton, 1984), in 73 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. This is an English translation made by Svat Soucek from Barthold's original Russian (1971), edited with updated notes and bibliography by C. E. Bosworth. The download contains Chapter 1, "Bactria, Balkh, and Ṭukhāristān," pp. 6-34, together with the editor's introductory remarks, maps, and bibliography. Attached to the...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Iran, Iranian, Persia, Persian, Central Asia, Bactria, Balkh,...
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May 2, 2021 W. Barthold; Vladimir Minorsky, translator; Tatiana Minorsky, translator
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Four Studies on the History of Central Asia, by V. V. Barthold, translated from Russian by Vladimir and Tatiana Minorsky (Leiden, 1956-1962), in 613 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains all three volumes with the following parts: 1. A Short History of Turkestan ; 2. History of the Semirechyé ; 3. Ulugh-beg ; 4. Mir 'Ali Shir , and (a fifth study) 5. A History of the Turkman People. Books digitized by Mountains of Central Asia Digital Dataset , and compiled by Robert...
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Medieval, Central Asia, Asia, Turkmenistan, Turco-Mongolica, Oghuz,...
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May 2, 2021 Vladimir Minorsky, translator
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Ḥudūd al-'Ālam, "The Regions of the World," a Persian Geography 372 A.H./982 A.D., translated and explained by Vladimir Minorsky, and edited by C. E. Bosworth (London, 1970, second edition) in 607 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. This is a major source for medieval geography and the history of Central Asian Turkic peoples. Book digitized by Mountains of Central Asia Digital Dataset , and compiled by Robert Bedrosian. A Wikipedia entry describes the background and contents of...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Central Asia, Turco-Mongolica, China, India, Tibet, Europe,...
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May 1, 2021 W. Barthold; C. E. Bosworth
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"Gīlān and Māzandarān," by W. Barthold, from An Historical Geography of Iran (Princeton, 1984), in 57 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. This is an English translation made by Svat Soucek from Barthold's original Russian (1971), edited with updated notes and bibliography by C. E. Bosworth. The download contains Chapter 15, "Gīlān and Māzandarān," pp. 230-242, together with the editor's introductory remarks, maps, and bibliography. Attached to the document are links...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Iran, Iranian, Persia, Persian, Caspian, Caucasus, Mazandaran, Gilan
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May 1, 2021 W. Barthold; C. E. Bosworth
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"Azerbaijan and Armenia," by W. Barthold, from An Historical Geography of Iran (Princeton, 1984), in 60 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. This is an English translation made by Svat Soucek from Barthold's original Russian (1971), edited with updated notes and bibliography by C. E. Bosworth. The download contains Chapter 14, "Azerbaijan and Armenia," pp. 214-229, together with the editor's introductory remarks, maps, and bibliography. Attached to the document are links to...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Iran, Iranian, Persia, Persian, Caucasus, Asia Minor, Azerbaijan,...
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May 1, 2021 Armen Petrosyan
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"The Indo-European and Ancient Near Eastern Sources of the Armenian Epic," by Armen Petrosyan, from Journal of Indo-European Studies Monograph 42, Institute for the Study of Man (Washington DC, 2002), in 237 searchable pdf pages. Internet Archive has collections of studies in English , Russian , and Armenian by Petrosyan, who is a world-renowned philologist. Internet Archive has many additional works of interest to folklorists.
Topics: Mythology, Folklore, Legends, Beliefs, Armenia, Armenian, Myths, Indo-European, Near East, Middle...
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May 1, 2021 Hrach Martirosyan
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"Armenian čandari 'plane tree'," by Hrach Martirosyan, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 18, No. 1 (2014), pp. 51-63, in 14 searchable pdf pages.  Etymology of the word ճանդարի/chandari. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works relating to Armenian linguistics .
Topics: Linguistics, Language, Armenian, Armenia, Persian, Iranian, Persia, Iran, Dialects, Plant Names,...
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Apr 29, 2021 Dora Sakayan
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Armenian Proverbs: a paremiological study with an anthology of 2,500 Armenian folk sayings , selected and translated into English by Dora Sakayan (Delmar, NY, 1994), in 496 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. This magisterial work by the renowned linguist and philologist is in a class by itself. The English study is remarkable for its depth, and the anthology provides the original Armenian sayings with superb English translations. Scanned by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has many...
Topics: Folklore, Proverbs, Philosophy, Sayings, Beliefs, Armenia, Armenian, Middle East, Near East, Asia...
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Apr 28, 2021 Multiple authors
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The Superhuman Life of Gesar of Ling, the legendary Tibetan hero, as sung by the bards of his country, by Alexandra David-Neel and the Lama Yongden (London, 1933), in 282 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry, the Epic of King Gesar , describes the 12th-century epic's history and the reverence shown to its hero, Gesar, king of the imaginary country of Ling. The present edition is from the rich collection of materials relating to Central Asia available at Mountains of Central...
Topics: Folklore, Epics, Tibet, Tibetan, Literature, Poetry, Songs, Gesar of Ling, Central Asia, India,...
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Apr 28, 2021 Multiple authors
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Studies on the Epic of King Gesar, in 56 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The classic version of the epic comes from central Tibet. However, the tales are recited, sung, and loved by many cultures of the Himalayas and in Central Asia. A Wikipedia entry, the Epic of King Gesar , describes its history and the reverence shown to its hero, Gesar, king of the imaginary country of Ling. Gesar and his adventures also are favorite motifs in the arts: Gesar of Ling , at Google Images. Contents:...
Topics: Folklore, Epics, Gesar of Ling, Tibet, Tibetan, Literature, Poetry, Songs, Central Asia, India,...
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Apr 24, 2021 Hamlet Petrosyan
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"The Sacred Mountain," by Hamlet Petrosyan, from Armenian Folk Arts, Culture, and Identity, edited by Levon Abrahamian and Nancy Sweezy (Bloomington, IN, 2001), pp. 33-39, in 8 searchable pdf pages. Mount Ararat's snowcapped peak, which seems to float in the sky, has been worshipped by the residents of eastern Asia Minor and their neighbors from earliest times. On the topic see also Armen Petrosyan's article "Biblical Mount Ararat: Two Identifications," and Edward...
Topics: Folklore, Mythology, Geography, History, Historical, Ancient, Remote, Classical, Medieval, Asia...
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"The Documentation of the World War I Armenian Massacres in the Proceedings of the Turkish Military Tribunal," by Vahakn N. Dadrian, from International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 23, No. 4 (Nov., 1991), pp. 549-576, in 29 searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923 and its aftermath , and Internet Archive has additional material .
Topics: History, Historical, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Turkey, Ottoman Empire, Turks, Kurds, Kurdish,...
"The Armenian Question and the Wartime Fate of the Armenians as Documented by the Officials of the Ottoman Empire's World War I Allies: Germany and Austria-Hungary," by Vahakn N. Dadrian, from International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 34, No. 1 (Feb., 2002), pp. 59-85, in 28 searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923 and its aftermath , and Internet Archive has additional material .
Topics: History, Historical, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Turkey, Ottoman Empire, Turks, Kurds, Kurdish,...
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Apr 23, 2021 Peyman Matin
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"Apotropaic Plants in the Persian Folk Culture," by Peyman Matin, from Iran & the Caucasus 16(2012), pp. 189-200, in 13 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: "In Persian culture, the acrid, pungent, and at times irritating smell of some plants have given rise to beliefs about them having magical and supernatural powers. Harmal, garlic, onion, and asafoetida are the most important herbs supposed to have apotropaic powers to ward off vicious creatures, exorcise the evil eye,...
Topics: Flora, Botany, Ethnobotany, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Harmal, Garlic, Onion, Asafoetida,...
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Apr 23, 2021 H. W. Bailey
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"Plant Names" [in the Avesta], by H. W. Bailey, in 4 searchable pdf pages. The material appears as Appendix I in Cambridge History of Iran (London, 1985), Volume 2, pp. 870-873. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. See also the Encyclopaedia Iranica entries under Flora . Internet Archive has other works by the author . On the topic, see also the writings of Albert J. Carnoy .
Topics: Flora, Botany, Ethnobotany, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Avesta, Taxonomy, Ancient, Middle East,...
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Apr 22, 2021 Armen Petrosyan
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"Biblical Mount Ararat: Two Identifications," by Armen Petrosyan, from Comparative Mythology,  December, 2016, Volume 2, Issue 1, in 13 searchable pdf pages.  A Wikipedia entry describes Ararat and its history. From the abstract: "The biblical Ararat, mountain of landing of Noah’s Ark has two general identifications on the Armenian Highlands: the Mountain of Corduene (modern Cudi dağı) and Masis (Ararat, Ağrı dağı), situated respectively in the extreme south-east and...
Topics: Folklore, Mythology, Geography, History, Historical, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Caucasus,...
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Apr 21, 2021 Robert H. Hewsen
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"Armenia (1914-1925), Maps and Text," by Robert H. Hewsen, in 37 searchable and bookmarked pdf pages. The download contains pp. 228-238 from Hewsen's Armenia: a Historical Atlas (Chicago, 2001). Topics:  Armenia in the First World War, 24 Oct. 1914-30 Oct. 1918; The Armenian Genocide; The First Republic of Armenia, 28 May 1918-2 December 1920. Includes numerous maps and diagrams, as well as the book's bibliography, pp. 291-312. Four maps appear as jpg attachments. Compiled by Robert...
Topics: Maps, Cartography, History, Historical, Modern, Asia Minor, Anatolia, Armenia, Armenian, Caucasus,...
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Apr 21, 2021 Kondakov, N. P. (Nikodim Pavlovich), 1844-1925
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"Les Costumes orientaux à la Cour Byzantine," by N. P. Kondakov, from Byzantion, Vol. 1 (1924), pp. 7-49, in 63 searchable pdf pages, with many plates. Translated from Russian by Henri Grégoire. The imperial Iranian and later Arab courts furnished the models for some garments that the Byzantines imitated. A Wikipedia entry describes Byzantine dress . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the author .
Topics: Clothing, Court, Royal, Imperial, Dress, Costumes, Byzantium, Byzantine Empire, Asia Minor, Greek,...
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Apr 20, 2021 Simon Payaslian
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"The End of the Armenian Communities of Asia Minor," by Simon Payaslian, from Armenian Communities of Asia Minor, Volume 13 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2014), Chapter 10, pp. 495-538, in 40 searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has numerous entries on t he Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923 and its aftermath , and Internet Archive has additional material . Contents: Introduction Loyalty and the...
Topics: History, Historical, Asia Minor, Anatolia, Armenia, Armenian, Turkey, Ottoman Empire, Turks, Kurds,...
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Apr 20, 2021 Wolfgang Schulze
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"Generic Terms for Domestic Animals in East Caucasian," by Wolfgang Schulze, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 18, No. 3 (2014), pp. 213-274, in 63 searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Linguistics, Language, Etymologies, Caucasus, Caucasian, Kartvelian, Indo-European, Animals, Fauna
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"A Systematic Tabulation of Indo-European Animal Names: With Special Reference to Their Etymology and Semasiology," by Eugene Gottlieb, from Language, Vol. 7, No. 3, Language Dissertation No. 8:  (Sep., 1931), pp. 5-48, in 45 searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Linguistics, Language, Etymologies, Indo-European, Fauna, Animals
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Apr 20, 2021 George Sherman Lane
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"Words for Clothing in the Principal Indo-European Languages," by George Sherman Lane, from Language , Vol. 7, No. 3, Language Dissertation No. 9 (Sep., 1931), pp. 3-44, in 43 searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Linguistics, Language, Etymologies, Indo-European, Clothing, Fabrics, Etymologies, Skirts, Cloaks,...
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Apr 18, 2021 Henri Grégoire
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"Notes on the Byzantine Epic: the Greek Folk-Songs and Their Importance for the Classification of the Russian Version and of the Greek Manuscripts," by Henri Grégoire, from Byzantion, Vol. 15 (1940-1941), pp. 92-103, in 13 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry on the epic in question, Digenes Akrites and Internet Archive has other works about it . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Folklore, Epics, Digenes Akrites, Akritas, Songs, Greek, Byzantium, Byzantine Empire, Asia Minor
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Apr 18, 2021 Ehsan Yarshater
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"The Iranian Historical Tradition," by Ehsan Yarshater, in 139 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. The download contains chapter 10 from Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 3(1), pp. 343-477, and the chapter's bibliography. Attached to the document are links to additional resources.  Compiled by Robert Bedrosian. Contents Chapter 10(a) Iranian Common Beliefs and World-View Divine beings and their allies False gods, demons, and malicious spirits The world and its creation Chapter 10(b)...
Topics: History, Historical, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Ancient, Remote, Antiquity, Medieval, Beliefs,...
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Apr 18, 2021 Michael Shenkar
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"The Epic of 'Farāmarz' in the Panjikent Paintings," by Michael Shenkar, from Bulletin of the Asia Institute, New Series, Vol. 24 (2010), pp. 67-84, in 21 searchable pdf pages with many illustrations. The author suggests that "the paintings that decorated the walls of Room 50/XXIII are taken from the epic stories about Rostam's son, Farāmarz. More specifically, they illustrate his campaigns on the Indian islands, battle (s) against demons or strange inhabitants of these...
Topics: Art, Murals, Painting, Central Asia, Penjikent, Panjikant, Panjikent, Iran, Persia, Iranian,...
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Apr 17, 2021 Richard G. Hovannisian
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"The Postwar Contest for Ciliicia and the 'Marash Affair'," by Richard G. Hovannisian, from Armenian Cilicia, Volume 7 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2008), Chapter 19, pp. 495-538, in 44 searchable pdf pages, with rare photos. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923 and its aftermath , and Internet Archive has additional material . Contents: Introduction...
Topics: History, Historical, Cilicia, Cilician, Levant, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Turkey, Ottoman...
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Apr 17, 2021 A.D.H. Bivar
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"The Role of Allegory in the Persian Epic," by A.D.H. Bivar, from Bulletin of the Asia Institute, New Series, Vol. 14 (2000), pp. 19-26, in 9 searchable pdf pages. In this wonderful piece of detective work, the author identifies historical personages thought absent from Iran's Shahname . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. See also the author's "The Political History of Iran under the Arsacids."
Topics: Epics, Folklore, Legends, Allegory, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Shahname, Shahnama, Motifs,...
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Apr 17, 2021 Mahmoud Omidsalar
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"Rostam's Seven Trials and the Logic of Epic Narrative in the Shāhnāma," by Mahmoud Omidsalar, from Asian Folklore Studies, Vol. 60, No. 2 (2001), pp. 259-293, in 36 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: "This paper revisits the episode of Rostam's seven trials in Persian literary and folk traditions, and his slaying of the White Demon. It takes issue with Noldeke's interpretation of the demon as a survival of an ancient "white deity" and instead suggests that...
Topics: Epics, Folklore, Legends, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Shahname, Shahnama, Ferdowsi, Motifs
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Apr 16, 2021 Vahram L. Shemmassian
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"The Exodus of Armenian Remnants from the Interior Provinces of Turkey, 1922-1930," by Vahram L. Shemmassian, from Armenian Tsopk/Kharpert, Volume 3 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2002), Chapter 14, pp. 389-418, in 30 searchable pdf pages, with rare photos. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923 and its aftermath , and Internet Archive has additional...
Topics: History, Historical, Tsopk, Kharpert, Sophene, Kharberd, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Turkey,...
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Apr 16, 2021 Irene Melikoff
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"Danishmendids," by Irene Melikoff, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 3 searchable pdf pages. The Danishmendids were a dynasty that ruled from 1071 to 1178 in an area including Sebastia/Sivas, Evdokia/Tokat, and Neocaesarea/Niksar. The city of Melitene/Malatya--which figures in most of the Asia Minor epics--was an object of Danishmendid military campaigns. A Wikipedia entry describes their unusual background. The Turkish scholar, Halil Yinanc, has suggested that the dynasty's...
Topics: History, Historical, Asia Minor, Cappadocia, Sebastia, Malatya, Melitene, Saljuqs, Danishmend
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Apr 16, 2021 Vladimir Minorsky
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"Daylam," by Vladimir Minorsky, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 7 searchable pdf pages. Daylam is the highlands of Gilan, at the southwestern coast of the Caspian Sea. Wikipedia has an entry on the Daylamites and their history. The entry (Deylamites) by Wolfgang Felix and Wilferd Madelung, at Encyclopaedia Iranica has additional detail. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Caspian, Daylam, Dailam, Gilan,...
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Apr 15, 2021 Heda Jason
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"'Sīrat 'Antar' as an Oral Epic," by Heda Jason, from Oriente Moderno, Nuova serie, Anno 22 (83), Nr. 2, Studies on Arabic Epics (2003), pp. 399-406, in 9 searchable pdf pages. In this insightful study the author considers the epic's literary tradition; the biography of Antar; semantic classification; models and categories. A Wikipedia entry (Antarah ibn Shaddad) describes the background of the Romance of Antar, an enjoyable Bedouin epic. Internet Archive has an English translation .
Topics: Folklore, Epics, Motifs, Literature, Ethiopia, Arabs, Bedouins, Legends, Tales, Myths, Heroes,...
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"Le parcours du héros dans le roman des chevalerie arabe: l'exemple de ' 'Antar,' " by Driss Cherkaoui, from Bulletin d'études orientales , 2001-2002, T. 53/54 (2001-2002), pp. 75-104, in 31 searchable pdf pages. The author traces the chivalrous hero in several epics and Middle Eastern folklore, using Antar as a model. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.  
Topics: Folklore, Epics, Motifs, Literature, Ethiopia, Arabs, Bedouins, Legends, Tales, Myths, Heroes,...
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Apr 15, 2021 Terrick Hamilton, translator
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Antar, a Bedouin Romance, translated from Arabic by Terrick Hamilton.  The download contains all four volumes (London, 1819-1820), in 1576 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry (Antarah ibn Shaddad) describes the background of this wonderful Arab epic, whose invincible hero is Ethiopian. Book digitized by Google and compiled by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Folklore, Epics, Ethiopia, Arabs, Bedouins, Legends, Tales, Myths, Heroes, Magic, Demons
"Genocide as a Problem of National and International Law: The World War I Armenian Case and Its Contemporary Legal Ramifications," by  Vahakn N. Dadrian, from Yale Journal of International Law, Volume 14, Number 2, Summer 1989, pp. 221-334, in 114 bookmarked and searchable pdf pages.  Attached to the document are links to additional resources.  Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923 and its aftermath , and Internet Archive...
Topics: Law, History, Historical, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Turkey, Ottoman Empire, Turks, Kurds,...
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Apr 15, 2021 Richard G. Hovannisian
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"Pontus and Armenia, 1914-1922," by Richard G. Hovannisian, from Armenian Pontus. The Trebizond-Black Sea Communities , Volume 8 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2009), Chapter 15, pp. 355-370, in 16 searchable pdf pages. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923 and its aftermath , and Internet Archive has additional material . Contents: Introduction World War I...
Topics: History, Historical, Pontus, Trebizond, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Turkey, Ottoman Empire,...
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Apr 15, 2021 Cl. Cahen
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"Ghuzz," by Cl. Cahen, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 7 searchable pdf pages. Ghuzz is Arabic for Oghuz , a western Turkic people who founded a confederation at the beginning of the 7th century A. D. or earlier, which had a major impact on world history. Wikipedia has a main entry about the Oghuz and many additional entries . See the Encyclopaedia Iranica article Gozz for additional bibliography. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive also has a collection of works...
Topics: History, Historical, Ethnography, Geography, Turks, Turco-Mongolica, Turkica, Oghuz, Oguz, Ghuzz,...
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Apr 15, 2021 Garnik Asatrian
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"Āl Reconsidered," by Garnik Asatrian, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 5 (2001), pp. 149-156, in 9 searchable pdf pages. A thorough review of the sources and theories about Āl "the name of a class of demons universally encountered in the folklore of the Caucasus, Iran, Central Asia and in the southern parts of Russia. They belong to the category of evil beings whose main function is to prevent the normal course of demographic growth. In other words, the sphere of their...
Topics: Folklore, Legends, Myths, Mythology, Demons, Childbirth, Armenia, Armenian, Caucasus, Caucasian,...
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Apr 15, 2021 Marius Canard
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"Baġdād au IVe siècle de l'Hégire (Xe siècle de l'ère chrétienne)," by Marius Canard, from Arabica, T. 9, Fasc. 3, Volume Spécial: Publié à L'Occasion du Mille Deux Centième Anniversaire de la Fondation de Bag̣dād (Oct., 1962), pp. 267-287, in 22 searchable pdf pages. Political, religious, social, and economic history of Baghdad in the 900s A.D. Wikipedia has an entry (Baghdad) with additional bibliography, and H. Kennedy's entry (Baghdad) in Encyclopaedia Iranica has...
Topics: History, Historical, Medieval, Mesopotamia, Baghdad, Caliphate, Arabs, Islam, Cities, Sects, Middle...
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Apr 15, 2021 Mariet Djandar
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"Rituals of Birth among the Adyghes," by Mariet Djandar, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 12, No. 2 (2008), pp. 253-274, in 23 searchable pdf pages.  From the abstract: " Rituals of childbirth make up an important part of life in traditional Adyghe society. The author provides a detailed description of these rituals, paying special attention not only to the birth itself, but also to the rituals and ceremonies practiced during the entire period of pregnancy, the behaviour of...
Topics: Ethnography, Customs, Beliefs, Practises, Cultural Anthropology, Caucasus, Caucasian, Adyghe,...
"Inside the Empire: Some Remarks on the Urartian and Achaemenid Presence in the Autonomous Republic of Nakhchivan," by Roberto Dan, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 18, No. 4 (2014), pp. 327-344, in 19 searchable pdf pages, with photos. The article covers the 8th-7th centuries B. C. Attached to the document are links to additional resources. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. For the later history of the area see V. Minorsky's entry in Encyclopaedia of Islam (Nakhčiwān) . Internet...
Topics: Art, Archaeology, Architecture, Nakhichevan, History, Historical, Remote, Antiquity, Ancient,...
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Apr 14, 2021 Vahé Tachjian
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"Expulsion of the Armenian Survivors of Urfa and Diarbekir, 1923-1930," by Vahé Tachjian, from Armenian Tigranakert/Diarbekir and Edessa/Urfa , Volume 6 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2006), Chapter 17, pp. 519-537, in 19 searchable pdf pages with photos. Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923 and its aftermath , and Internet Archive has additional material . Contents: Introduction The...
Topics: History, Historical, Edessa, Urfa, Urha, Tigranakert, Diarbekir, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian,...
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Apr 14, 2021 R. Vasmer
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"Māzandarān," by R. Vasmer with C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 9 searchable pdf pages. The article, which has extensive bibliographies, describes a province to the south of the Caspian Sea in Iran, and covers: 1. The Name; 2. Geography; 3. Ethnology; 4. Language; 5. Historical Geography; 6. History; and 7. Coinage. A Wikipedia entry describes the province and has additional links. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Caspian, Mazandaran, Gilan,...
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Apr 14, 2021 Garnik Asatrian
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"The Lord of Cattle in Gilan," by Garnik Asatrian, from Iran & the Caucasus , Vol. 6, No. 1/2 (2002), pp. 75-85, in 12 searchable pdf pages. This is the story of Siyah-galesh, chief master and guard of the animals, information collected by Asatrian during an expedition to Gilan. "Everywhere in Gilan and Mazandaran, Siyah-galesh is imagined as an invisible herdsman, an old man clad in black wool or hides, stick in hand, the symbol of herdsmanship, or as a large, tall,...
Topics: Folklore, Beliefs, Myths, Legends, Gilan, Cattle, Deities, Gods, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian,...
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Apr 14, 2021 B. Spuler
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"Gīlān," by B. Spuler, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 3 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry on the history of this district located on the southwestern coast of the Caspian Sea, in Iran. Encyclopaedia Iranica has many entries on Gilān . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Iran, Persia, Iranian, Persian, Caspian, Gilan, Ancient, Medieval,...
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Apr 13, 2021 Marius Canard
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"al-Djazira," by Marius Canard, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1991), in 3 searchable pdf pages. The term means "island" in Arabic and refers to Upper Mesopotamia. A Wikipedia entry describes the important civilizational role this area has played. More detailed material is available at Encyclopaedia Iranica . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Mesopotamia, Tigris, Euphrates, Syria, Assyria, Asori, Armenia, Armenian,...
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Apr 13, 2021 Anahide Ter Minassian
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"Van 1915," by Anahide Ter Minassian, from Armenian Van/Vaspurakan , Volume 1 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces , edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2000), Chapter 12, pp. 209-244, in 36 searchable pdf pages, with photos. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923, and Internet Archive has additional material .
Topics: History, Historical, Van, Vaspurakan, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Turkey, Ottoman Empire, Turks,...
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Apr 13, 2021 R. N. Frye
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"Arrān," by R. N. Frye, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1986), in 3 searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry describes what is known about the territories in the Caucasus designated by this term. C. E. Bosworth's article (Arrān) in Encyclopaedia Iranica is more detailed and has additional bibliography. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works on Arran , including an English translation of Movses Dasxurants'i's History of the Aghuans , which uses the term frequently.
Topics: History, Historical, Caucasus, Caucasian, Armenia, Georgia, Adharbaydjan, Azerbaijan, Ancient,...
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Apr 13, 2021 W. Barthold
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"Khazar", by W. Barthold, with P. B. Golden, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1997), in 11 searchable pdf pages. A Wikipedia entry describes the history of this unusual state and people in the north Caucasus, which posed a threat at times to both Byzantines and Arabs. Internet Archive has other works on the Khazars , including an English translation of Movses Dasxurants'i's History of the Aghuans .
Topics: History, Historical, Khazars, Caucasus, Caucasian, Empire, Judaism, Turkica
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Apr 13, 2021 Murtazali Gadjiev
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"On the Construction Date of the Derbend Fortification Complex," by Murtazali Gadjiev, from Iran & the Caucasus 12(2008) pp. 1-16, in 16 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: "The paper discusses several aspects of the history of one of the great architectural and fortifying undertakings of the Sasanian period, namely the Derbend defensive wall. Comparing all the available data on the time of this construction, the author draws a picture of the key historical events of the...
Topics: History, Historical, Dagestan, Derbend, Derbent, Darband, Fortifications, Walls, Sasanian, Iran,...
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Apr 13, 2021 C. E. Bosworth
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"Shaddadids," by C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1997), in 3 searchable pdf pages. The history of this influential Kurdish dynasty is described generally in a Wikipedia entry ..."The Shaddadids were a Kurdish Sunni Muslim dynasty who ruled in various parts of Armenia and Arran from 951 to 1199 A.D. They were established in Dvin [and later in Ganja/Gandzak and Ani]. Through their long tenure in Armenia, they often intermarried with the Bagratuni royal family of...
Topics: History, Historical, Medieval, Kurds, Kurdish, Armenia, Arran, Dvin, Ganja, Ani, Dynasties,...
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Apr 13, 2021 Vladimir Minorsky
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"Shakkī," by Vladimir Minorsky, with C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1997), in 4 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry ( Shaki ) on this city and district in Azerbaijan. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Ancient, Medieval, Caucasus, Caucasian, Caspian, Shakki, Shaki, Aghuania,...
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Apr 13, 2021 W. Barthold
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"Shīrwān" and "Shīrwān Shāh," by W. Barthold, with C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1997), in 4 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry (Shirvan) on this land in eastern Caucasia, and its powerful medieval ruler, the Shirvanshah . Bosworth has entries at Encyclopaedia Iranica with additional bibliography: Šervān , and Šervānšahs . Internet Archive has Minorsky's invaluable A History of Sharvan and Darband in the 10th-11th Centuries . Uploaded by...
Topics: History, Historical, Caucasus, Caspian, Shirwan, Shirvan, Arran, Adharbaydjan, Azerbaijan, Ancient,...
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Apr 13, 2021 Multiple authors
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"Baku," from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1986), in 3 searchable pdf pages. The medieval Islamic history of the city is described by D. M. Dunlop; the modern period (through the USSR) by A. Benningser. Wikipedia has an entry describing the ancient through modern periods in Baku's history .
Topics: History, Historical, Caucasus, Caspian, Baku, Arran, Adharbaydjan, Azerbaijan, Cities, Ancient,...
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Apr 13, 2021 Richard G. Hovannisian
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"The Competition for Erzerum, 1914-1921," by Richard G. Hovannisian, from Armenian Karin/Erzerum, Volume 4 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2003), Chapter 15, pp. 365-407. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923, and Internet Archive has additional material . Contents: Introduction Erzerum during World War I Erzerum and Armenian Desiderata Erzerum and the...
Topics: History, Historical, Karin, Erzerum, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Turkey, Ottoman Empire, Turks,...
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Apr 12, 2021 Multiple authors
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"Turkey and Azerbaijan: On the Myth of Sharing the Same Origin and Culture," by Çakir Ceyhan Suvari, Elif Kanca, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 16, No. 2 (2012), pp. 247-256, in 11 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: "This study looks at Turkish manuals and textbooks, approved by the Ministry of Education of Turkey and used at different levels of the education system, to compile clues regarding the potent identity questions assumed to exist in the relationship between...
Topics: History, Historical, Origins, Culture, Cultural Anthropology, Turks, Turkic, Central Asia,...
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"The Location of Azaris on the Patrilineal Genetic Landscape of the Middle East (A Preliminary Report)," by Levon Yepiskoposian, Ashot Margarian, Laris Andonian, Vahid Rashidvash, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 15, No. 1/2, Jubilee Volume (2011), pp. 73-78, in 7 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: "The origin of the Turkic-speaking population of the north-western province Iran, the so-called Azaris, is the subject of multi-year debate. Here, we present preliminary...
Topics: DNA, Genetics, Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Azeris, Azaris, Turks, Turkish, Central Asia,...
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Apr 12, 2021 Vladimir Minorsky
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"Adharbaydjan," by Vladimir Minorsky, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1986), in 5 searchable pdf pages. A brief account of the area's history from antiquity through the Soviet period. Wikipedia has entries on its history, Atropatene (in ancient times), and Adurbadagan (in medieval and modern times). For more detail, see Encyclopaedia Iranica : 1. Geography , by X. de Planhol; 2. Archaeology , by W. Kleiss; and 3. Pre-Islamic History , by K. Schippmann. Internet Archive has a collection...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Caucasus, Caspian, Azerbaijan, Atropatene, Adurbadagan, Caucasian,...
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Apr 12, 2021 John A. C. Greppin
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"The Armenian Onomatopoetic Verbal Infix in -(a)(n)ch'-," by John A. C. Greppin, from Annual of Armenian Linguistics 16(1995), pp. 53-66, in 14 searchable pdf pages. Greppin observes the ending (ա)(ն)չ. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Linguistics, Language, Armenian, Armenia, Indo-European, Greek, Sanskrit
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Apr 12, 2021 Richard G. Hovannisian
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"The Contest for Kars, 1914-1921," by Richard G. Hovannisian, from Armenian Kars and Ani, Volume 10 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2011), Chapter 13, pp. 273-317. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923, and Internet Archive has additional material . Contents: The Strategic Position of Kars Turkish Occupation in 1918 British, Armenians, and Muslim The...
Topics: History, Historical, Kars, Ani, Geography, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenian, Turkey, Ottoman Empire,...
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Apr 12, 2021 Ruslan Seferbekov
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"Patron Deities of the Hunt and Wild Animals in Dagestan," by Ruslan Seferbekov, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 16, No. 3 (2012), pp. 301-307, in 8 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: "The paper discusses the characteristic features and spheres of activities of the patron deities of the hunt, masters of the animals and protectors of game and wildlife in the folk beliefs of the Dagestani highlanders--different groups of Avars, Lak Lezgins, Dargins, Tabasaranis, Tsakhurs,...
Topics: Folklore, Myths, Mythology, Beliefs, Legends, Demons, Hunt, Animals, Deities, Dagestan, Dagestani,...
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Apr 12, 2021 Michael Shenkar
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"Temple Architecture in the Iranian World before the Macedonian Conquest," by Michael Shenkar, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 11, No. 2 (2007), pp. 169-194, in 27 searchable pdf pages, with many illustrations and extensive bibliography. "In this paper the term Iran or Iranian World/Region reaches beyond the borders of the modern Islamic Republic and refers to the region from the Hindu-Kush mountains in the East to the Zagros ridge in the West and from Transoxania in the North...
Topics: Temples, Iran, Persia, Ancient, Architecture, Altars, Fire, Worship, Beliefs, Achaemenids, Iranian,...
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Apr 11, 2021 Richard G. Hovannisian
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"Sebastia in the Aftermath of Genocide," by Richard G. Hovannisian, from Armenian Sebastia/Sivas and Lesser Armenia , Volume 5 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2004), Chapter 16, pp. 427-461. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.  Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923, and Internet Archive has additional material . Contents: Introduction; Sivas after World War I and Armenian Claims Projections...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Sebastia, Sivas, Lesser Armenia, Asia Minor, Armenia, Armenians,...
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Apr 11, 2021 Vladimir Minorsky
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"Tiflis," by Vladimir Minorsky with C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (2000), in 3 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry on Tiflis , the pre-1936 name of the capital of Georgia in the Caucasus, now Tbilisi. Internet Archive also has the longer entry al-Kurdj (Georgia) from EI. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Tiflis, Tbilis, Iberia, Iberian, Georgia, Georgian, Demography, Ethnography,...
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Apr 11, 2021 Vladimir Minorsky
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al-Kurdj [Gurdj, Gurdjistan, Iberia/Georgia], by Vladimir Minorsky with C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1986), in 13 searchable pdf pages. This is a brief history of medieval Georgia, mostly based on Islamic sources. Wikipedia has many entries on the Caucasian country and its varied population. Internet Archive also has many works on Georgian history and culture, and especially on the role of Armenians in Georgia . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Iberia, Iberian, Georgia, Georgian, Tiflis, Tbilis, Demography, Ethnography,...
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Apr 11, 2021 Garnik Asatrian; Hayrapet Margarian
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"The Muslim Community of Tiflis (8th-19th Centuries)," by Garnik Asatrian, Hayrapet Margarian, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 8, No. 1 (2004), pp. 29-52, in 25 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry on Tblisi , the pre-1936 name of the capital of  Georgia in the Caucasus. This beautiful multi-ethnic city has played an important role in the history of its neighbors and is an important cultural center. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Tiflis, Tbilis, Iberia, Iberian, Georgia, Georgian, Demography, Ethnography,...
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Apr 10, 2021 Robert Drews
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"Sargon, Cyrus, and Mesopotamian Folk History," by Robert Drews, from Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 33, No. 4 (Oct., 1974), pp. 387-393, in 8 searchable pdf pages. Wikpedia has entries about both these historical figures, whose lives and deeds became surrounded by similar legends: Sargon , Cyrus . Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works by the author .
Topics: Folklore, Legend, Myths, Mythology, Motifs, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian, Asia Minor, Near East,...
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Apr 10, 2021 Vladimir Livshits
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"Armeno-Partho-Sogdica," by Vladimir Livshits, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 10 1(2006), pp. 77-86, in 11 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: "The article deals with the Parthian lexical elements of East Iranian (Sogdian) origin in the Armenian language. The author gives a general outline of the problem and provides several new identifications." Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has other works relating to Armenian linguistics .
Topics: Linguistics, Language, Armenia, Armenian, Parthian, Sogdian, Persian, Iranian, Lexemes, Etymologies
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Apr 10, 2021 Christopher J. Walker
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"The End of Armenian Taron and Baghesh, 1914-1916," by Christopher J. Walker, from Armenian Baghesh/Bitlis and Taron/Mush, Volume 2 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2001), Chapter 11, pp. 191-206. Wikipedia has numerous entries on the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923 . Internet Archive has additional material .
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Lake Van, Bitlis, Bidlis, Baghesh, Taron, Mush, Asia Minor,...
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Apr 10, 2021 Thomas A. Sinclair
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"The Armenians and the Kurdish Emirs of Bitlis under the Kara Koyunlu," by Thomas A. Sinclair, from Armenian Baghesh/Bitlis and Taron/Mush , Volume 2 in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, edited by Richard G. Hovannisian (Costa Mesa, 2001), Chapter 9, pp. 155-174. This excellent study covers the 14th-15th centuries. The city, located to the southwest of Lake Van, played an important role in the history of Asia Minor over the millennia. Wikipedia has many entries on...
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Lake Van, Bitlis, Bidlis, Baghesh, Ancient, Medieval, Asia Minor,...
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Apr 9, 2021 J. H. Kramers
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"Mush," by J. H. Kramers, with C. E. Bosworth, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1993), in 3 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry (Muş) , which describes the history of this important city located to the northwest of Lake Van. Wikipedia  has many other entries about the city and district . Internet Archive has works relating to the Armenian past of Mush , part of the historical district of Taron. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Lake Van, Mush, Taron, Ancient, Medieval, Asia Minor, Armenia,...
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Apr 9, 2021 Victoria Arakelova
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"The Zaza People as a New Ethno-Political Factor in the Region," by Victoria Arakelova, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 3/4 (1999/2000), pp. 397-408, in 13 searchable pdf pages. A thought-provoking study of a distinctive group of 4-5 million people in central Anatolia. Encyclopaedia Iranica has an extensive article with bibliography, Dimlī (or Zāzā) , by Garnik Asatrian. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: Ethnography, Ethnology, Turkey, Asia Minor, Anatolia, History, Historical, Zaza, Dimli, Armenians,...
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Apr 9, 2021 Alexander Khachatrian
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"The Kurdish Principality of Hakkariya (14th-15th Centuries)," by Alexander Khachatrian, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 7, No. 1/2 (2003), pp. 37-58, in 23 searchable pdf pages. Wikipedia has an entry on the Emirate of Hakkari , which was founded in the 14th century and lasted until 1845. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Lake Van, Lake Urmia, Hakkari, Hekari, Medieval, Asia Minor, Kurds,...
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Apr 9, 2021 G. L. Lewis
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"Bidlīs" (Bitlis), by G. L. Lewis, from Encyclopaedia of Islam (1986), in 3 searchable pdf pages. The city, located to the southwest of Lake Van, played an important role in the history of Asia Minor over the millennia. Wikipedia has many entries on this city and province: Bitlis .  Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has works relating to the Armenian past of Bitlis , which Armenians call Baghesh.
Topics: History, Historical, Geography, Lake Van, Bitlis, Bidlis, Baghesh, Ancient, Medieval, Asia Minor,...
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Apr 9, 2021 Hrach Martirosian
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"On Armenian čiw 'shank'," by Hrach Martirosian, from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 9, No. 1 (2005), pp. 81-84, in 5 searchable pdf pages. Etymology of the word ճիւ. Uploaded by Robert Bedrosian. Internet Archive has a collection of works relating to Armenian linguistics .
Topics: Linguistics, Language, Armenia, Armenian, Etymologies
"The Arbitral Award on Turkish-Armenian Boundary by Woodrow Wilson (Historical Background, Legal Aspects, and International Dimensions)," by Ara Papian from Iran & the Caucasus, Vol. 11, No. 2 (2007), pp. 255-294, in 41 searchable pdf pages. From the abstract: The paper is "...a study of the history of the involvement of Woodrow Wilson (the 28th President of the USA, 1913-1921), in the fate of the Armenian people after WWI and the Republic of Armenia (1918-1920), especially...
Topics: History, Historical, Modern, Asia Minor, Anatolia, Turkey, Ottoman Empire, Armenia, Armenian,...